Cheeky Laughs (1) – Being a woman

© Tjeerd Royaards

We pursue the publication of the cartoons of the International festival in Ferrara 2018, #intfe ,”cheeky laughs” conference, by: Marilena Nardi, Zainab Fasiki and Anne Derenne. The conference addressed four themes: (1) Being a Woman, (2) Harassment, (3) Violence, (4) Resistance. Here is the first part.


Being a woman is hard to imagine for a man. Perhaps is it one of the reasons for the lightness with which men treat women. However, in the absence of a men’s intimate understanding, the statistics of the United Nations http://www.unwomen.org and those of the European Union https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Gender_statistics can give an idea – at least quantifiable, if not psychological – of what it means to be a woman in a world dominated by men:
– the employment rate of women is lower than that of men and their rate of part-time work is higher;
– in the EU, for the same job, women are paid on average 16% less than men;
– By combining the various indicators relating to work, the overall index of inequality in this field is on average 40% (s 43.7% in Italy and 31.1% in France).
– Yet women are more educated than men. On average, in Europe, if 40% of individuals have a diploma and for women 50% of them are.


– Despite this superiority in qualifications, the vast majority of men hold the top management positions: they are 65% against 35% of women in the EU-28, with a great disparity between the different Member States. In Italy, only 13% of senior managers are women, with a pay difference of 33%. In France, 40% of women are senior managers but with a pay difference of 21%.

© Zainab Fasiki

The weight of seteotypes and of various “obligations”

Beyond statistics, many stereotypes weigh on women: be it their so-called physical weakness, their tendency to whine (a man who cries is considered a girl), the use of a sexual-oriented or on the opposite a maternal image of women in advertising, the implicit obligation to follow stereotypes, the weight of education, family…

© Zainab Fasiki

… Or even mothers who perpetuate the macho model, etc.


Maybe, it is to avenge such inequalities that women live longer than men: in the EU, the average life span (men and women) is 80 years, that of women is 84.7 years!

Author

Economist and historian, director of the Center LIBREXPRESSION, Foundation Giuseppe di Vagno

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